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1638

Peru
Per legend, the countess of Chinchon is cured of malaria by a powder made from “Peruvian Bark,” or quina-quina. She introduces the powder to Europe in 1640. From malaria-ravaged Rome, Jesuits monopolize the distribution of “Jesuit powders” and bark from the later-named cinchona tree for 200 years.

 

Johns Hopkins Public Health Magazine - 2001 Malaria Special Edition