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Global Health Snapshot - Neglected Tropical Diseases


Global Health Snapshot: Neglected Tropical Diseases

Lymphatic Filariasis

Lymphatic FilariasisThe disease, which can lead to elephantiasis, is caused by parasitic worms and transmitted by mosquitoes. Adult worms nest in a person’s lymphatic system, producing millions of larvae that circulate in the blood.

Symptoms: Swollen arms, legs or genitals; also damage to kidneys and lymphatic system

Treatment: Swelling of arms and legs can be reduced by rigorous hygiene or reduction surgery.

Prevention: Mass administration of drugs to at-risk populations to reduce parasite burden and interrupt transmission via mosquitoes

Location: Africa, Southeast Asia and South America

Prevalence: 120 million cases in 81 countries

Trending: WHO aims to eliminate it by 2020.

Fact: Over half of infected people have no outward signs of infection.

Secretive Parasites: “[I study] how filarial parasites establish decades-long infections and not generate a reaction that causes them either to be rejected or cause significant pathology.”

Alan Scott focuses on the immunobiology of host-parasite interactions.

Comments

This forum is closed
  • Phyllis Sommer

    Chicago,Illinois 05/13/2011 11:21:40 AM

    Remember Chlamydia T. is a sexually transmitted disease and any prevention & teaching needs to include that fact. Condoms are number one prevention strategy. If people are warned about infertility as result of Chlamydia,they may be more amenable to condom use since fertility is highly valued in those countries.

  • Dr. B N Patnaik

    India 01/24/2012 02:23:35 AM

    I would like to know more about your C.trachomatis trail........I am preparing documents for clinical trailof Oral HPV vaccine in India .

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