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International Health at 50

International Health at 50 (continued)

Health Systems

Without well-functioning health systems with efficient care delivery mechanisms and trained staff, the most transformative public health discoveries may never reach their intended populations. The Department has a history of leadership in health systems, including Timothy Baker, Carl Taylor and William Reinke’s early health manpower planning work and the Narangwal Project’s innovative research that supported the integration of health care services—like primary care and family planning—at the community level.

1960–1970s: William Reinke directs a certificate training program in health planning for public health officials from developing countries. Over two decades, several hundred senior planners take part in the program.

1961: Major health manpower assessments are carried out in Turkey, Nigeria, Taiwan, Peru and Chile. They reveal vast country-specific differences in the roles of the various health services personnel.

1985: The Institute for International Programs (IIP), currently directed by Robert Black, becomes a leader in generating sound evidence used by governments and donor agencies worldwide to assess maternal and child health programs.

2003–present: Hired by the Afghanistan government, David Peters, Gilbert Burnham and colleagues lead the largest annual survey of health facilities and patient care, resulting in policy and program changes that address quality and access, hospital reform, HIV prevention and water protection.

2005: A PEPFAR initiative in Ethiopia led by Andrea Ruff provides technical assistance and capacity building in HIV/AIDS and TB treatment, care and research. Accomplishments include a new regional testing lab, the training of hundreds of researchers and lab technicians, and a telemedicine program.

2009: The Department leads an innovative collaboration with the newly formed Makerere University College of Health Sciences in Uganda to help it become a leading and transformational institution in Africa.

2010: The International Injury Research Unit (IIRU), led by Adnan Hyder, is named a collaborating center by the World Health Organization, joining centers in 80 countries. The IIRU leads the Road Safety in 10 Countries Project, the largest international research collaboration on traffic injury prevention.

“We keep thinking that we as professionals are giving people health. And we’re not. It’s the people themselves who have to take ownership of their own health care.” —Carl Taylor


  • Martin

    France 10/19/2011 04:18:03 PM

    It is surprising that the field of International Health makes virtually no mention of water, sanitation and hygiene. Is the ultimate message of IH simply that prevention is a waste of time and curative approaches are the only viable ones? I doubt that Carl Taylor would have endorsed that. In fact, the notion that "It's the people themselves who have to take ownership of their own health care" is probably very closely linked to the concept of "community led total sanitation". International Health needs to understand Environmental Health.

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Origins of International Health

Origins of International Health

He was there: Carl Taylor recalls the reasons behind the birth of what is now global health.

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